A homage to the Patrons of Rome (GS paper I Art and Culture )

Context 

The  two world famous art museums Vatican Museums and the Uffizi Galleries , joined their hands for the first time to inaugurate a small exhibit of rarely seen works by two Renaissance masters “Saints Peter .

This exhibit can be marked  the first exhibit for the Vatican Museums in over a year Because of Lockdown Italy was shut down completely .This exhibition is organised on the occasion of the 500th anniversary of Raphael’s death with a series of shows. This exhibition is a homage to the founders of Renaissance 

Saint Peter

  • This was the famous saint during the period of Renaissance . 

  • His another popular name was  Simon Peter . He was born in Bethsaida.

  •  He was died in Vatican Hill, Vatican City. He was recognized in the early Christian church as the leader of the 12 disciples and by the Roman Catholic Church as the first of its unbroken succession of popes. Peter was  a Jewish fisherman, 

  • At the beginning of Jesus’ ministry, . generally it was believed that He was called to be a disciple of Jesus 

  • The name Cephas (from Aramaic Kepa [“Rock” was given to him by  Jesus the ]; hence Peter, from Petros, a Greek translation of Kepa).

 St Paul

  • St Paul was born in Tarsus, Turkey . He was the patronizer of Missionaries, theologians, evangelists, and Gentile ChristiansTheology careers . He was the founder of Church of Greece, Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch, Orthodox Church of Albania, Latin Church

  • History of Uffizi 

  • It was  Started in 1560 as the Magistrates’ building 

  • Before the Palazzo della Signoria was built the meetings related to administration of the councils were held generally . Later on, it started to be used as a Romanesque church of San Pier Scheraggio, where formerly the municipal Council used to meet, was spared. 

  • It was incorporated into Vasari’s project, and used as a place of worship until the 18th century.

  •  the Gallery was opened to the public in 1769 during the period of  Leopold II, the successor of Francesco’s 

  • With the effort of  Zanobi del Rosso the new entrance to the Museum was set out during the period of  1842 to 1856,

  •  Leopold II commissioned 28 statues for the niches of the colonnade in the square, which depicted Tuscan culture from the Middle Ages to the 19th century. 

  • At the time of the Kingdom of Italy, the Renaissance statues were transferred to the new national Museum of Bargello, the Gallery gradually became used to display paintings.

  •  In 1956 the first rooms of the Gallery were rearranged by architects Giovanni Michelucci, Carlo Scarpa and Ignazio Gardella. 

  • Definitely European countries are doing very appreciative works to conserve their cultural Heritage. This is not only an inspiration for India but also for those countries which could not understand the significance of cultural Heritage. 

Although in India , the protection and preservation of our cultural heritage is not only the responsibility of the state but also it is the fundamental duty of Indian Citizens. Definitely . Indian art galleries and other institutions are doing good jobs in this regard. There is cultural ministry in India which is responsible to promote such activities regarding the protection of cultural heritage 

DR ANSHUL BAJPAI 

Download Plutus ias Current Affairs 28 setember 2021