Deep Ocean Mission

(GS PAPER-2, GOVERNMENT POLICIES, AND INTERVENTIONS

SOURCE- THE HINDU)

Context:

  • The government of India has approved the ‘Deep Ocean Mission’ to study biodiversity, the impact of climate change, and the establishment of an offshore marine station to explore sources of thermal energy.

About:

  • The Ministry of Earth Sciences has proposed a ‘Deep Ocean Mission’ aiming to explore the Deep Ocean for searching resources and to develop deep-sea technologies for unceasing use of ocean resources. 
  • The project is a five-year mission to be implemented in phases with an estimated cost of Rs4,077 crore. The first phase of the project is for three years (2021-2024).
  • Indian Organizations such as ISRO, BARC, CSIR, DRDO, the Department of Biotechnology, and some other bodies will assist the Ministry of Earth Sciences in its implementation.
  • The expertise and technology for this mission are available only in five countries- the US, Russia, France, Japan, and China. 
  • India is the sixth country to adopt this technology. 
  • This mission will explore strategic polymetallic nodules such as Copper, Nickel, Cobalt, and Manganese in the Central Indian Ocean basin.
  • “The mission will also focus on changes, because of climate change, to study more deep-sea biodiversity. 
  • It will also conduct a deep-sea survey. 
  • There is also the establishment of an advanced marine station for ocean biology and also an offshore ocean station (to explore) thermal energy as part of the mission.
  • It will conduct research on climate variables and support the Blue economy of the country that includes marine fisheries, off-shore energy, and coastal tourism.

Six components of the mission:

  1. Development of high-end technologies for deep-sea mining and manned submersible
  2. Development of ocean climate change advisory services
  3. Technological innovations for deep exploration and conservation of deep-sea biodiversity
  4. Deep ocean survey and its exploration
  5. Off-shore ocean energy and freshwater from the ocean
  6. Advanced establishment of marine station for ocean biology

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