Global Gender Gap 2021

(GS PAPER-3, INDEX

Source- The Hindu)

Context-

 India has fallen 28 places in the world economic forum Global gender gap report 2021  is now ranking 140  among 156 countries

 highlights of the report in Indian perspective

  •  the gender gap in this indicator widened by 3% this year
  • The share of women in professional and Technical roles declined by the 29.22 percent
  •  The share of women in senior and managerial post is at 14.6 and only 8.9 % of firm in the country has top female managers
  • The estimated earned income of women in India is only one-fifth of men which puts the country among the bottom 10 globally on this indicator.
  •  India has declined in this index by 13.5% points and ranks 51 in women’s participation in politics
  •  In this index, India has been at 114
  •  India has shared the worst in the indicator which includes the sex ratio and economic participation of women

 Global Gender Gap report 2021

  •  It is published by World Economic Forum
  •  It Benchmarks the evolution of gender-based gap among four dimension-
  1.  economic participation and opportunity
  2.  educational attainment
  3.  Health and survival
  4.  political empowerment
  • This year the Global gender gap index benchmark 156 countries
  •  Iceland is the most gender-equal  country in the world for the twelfth time

 Impact of covid-19 on the report

  •  the report shows that women experience a bigger gender gap in potential based job transition in fields where they are currently under-represented such as
  1.  cloud computing
  2.  Engineering
  3.  product development
  •  there was an increase of stress in society around the job insecurity and difficulty in maintaining work-life balance among women with children

World Economic Forum

  •  It is an international organization for public-private cooperation
  •  It engages the 4 most political business cultural and other leaders of the society to shape  Global regional and industrial agendas 

-Khyati Khare

Download Daily Current Affairs 3rd April 2021