(GS PAPER-2, Transparency and Accountability
SOURCE- Indian Express)
In the Economist Intelligence Unit’s (EIU) Global Liveability Index of 140 cities around the world Auckland (New Zealand) has topped the list.
- Global Liveability Index: The index takes into account more than 30 qualitative and quantitative parameters spanning five broad categories: stability (25%), healthcare (20%), culture and environment (25%), education (10%), and infrastructure (20%). Due to the covid , the EIU has added new indicators such as stress on health-care resources as well as restrictions around local sporting events, theatres, music concerts, restaurants and schools etc .Each factor in the city is rated on the measures such as acceptable, tolerable, uncomfortable, undesirable or intolerable.
- General Scenario: Covid pandemic has caused liveability to decline because cities are experiencing lockdowns and significant strains on their healthcare system. This led to a high level of change in the rankings, with many of the cities that were previously ranked as the most liveable tumbling.
- Austria’s Vienna, number one in both 2018 and 2019, has slipped out of the top 10 after being heavily affected by Covid-19, and now ranks 12.
- Auckland is at the top of the ranking owing to its successful approach in containing the Covid-19 pandemic, which has allowed its society to remain open and the city to score strongly on a number of metrics including education, culture and environment.
- Damascus is the world’s least liveable city because the effects of the civil war in Syria continue to take their toll.
- Apart from cities in New Zealand, Australia and Japan, other cities in the Asia-Pacific region such as Taipei (Taiwan) (33rd) and Singapore (34th) are also performing well.