Karuppur kalamkari paintings & Kallakurichi wood carvings : India’ s Traditional Art  (GS paper 1 : Art and culture )

Context :

Recently, Traditional Indian Art kalamkari paintings and the Kallakurichi wood carvings both of Tamilnadu are recognized with GI tag because of its reputation . These traditional arts have been popular in Tamilnadu for a long time.

Kalamkari Painting 

  • The term kalamkari is derived from two terms Kalam and kari. Qalam is a persian term which means Pen and Kari is also a persian term which means crafting through a particular skill. Hence kalamkari means an skill of crafting something on cotton by using pen and brush 

  • This art is popular in Andhra Pradesh . but gradually this art has become flourished in various part of Southern India also 

  • The brush using in this art are made of generally from the bamboo tree or coconut tree both are available in abundance in southern India 

  • This art has many forms and major forms of the art are from Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh . machalipatta, is another important region of  Andhra pradesh for the kalamkari painting The Srikalahasthi style of Kalamkari is related to these regions

  • There are almost 17steps of the kalamkari painting starting from block making followed by cloth treating, printing, and washing etc

  • The theme of Srikalahasthi style of Kalamkari is the stories of Myths and Epics like ramayana and Mahabharata 

  • The colours used in kalamkari painting are generally made from vegetables

  • All colours are natural colours . A village of Andhra Pradesh Lepakshi, is the most promoter of this type of painting 

  • Although only three three colours are used traditionally . These are — black, red and yellow. But gradually artisans had started to use  ‘pale blue’ colour also mainly in the regions of Tamil Nadu 

  • Besides, We observe some other other innovations in this traditional art which varies from region to region  like the Kanyakumari cloves, Dindigul locks, Mahabalipuram stone sculpture, Nilgiri (orthodox) tea, Virupakshi hill banana, Thanjavur doll, Thanjavur paintings, Coimbatore wet grinder, Kancheepuram silk and saree etc 

  • Recently the people of tamilnadu who are making the paintings on wood, maily on furniture received GI tag by  Tamil Nadu Handicrafts Development Corporation (Poompuhar). It is received for Kallakurichi wood carvings jointly with the Kallakurichi Wood Carving with the effort of Handicrafts Industrial Cooperative Limited Society, and the Chinnasalem and Vriksha Association of Wood Carving Artisans self-help group.

  • Like most other art, It is also a temple art or art for home. Now this traditional folk tribal art has been brought into the mainstream . This thing is appreciable 

GI Tag 

  • GI is a tag used on products with a specific geographical origin, and ones that possess a reputation due to that origin. 

  • GI tag Provides special status 

  • There are many varieties of any art popular in various regions of India But if one specific style of art has its own long history and become polar because of its own specific style and got its recognition and reputation at national and International level  

  • the owner of the GI tag has ‘exclusive rights’ over the product, and can even sue someone for trying to duplicate it

  • This GI tag ensures the protection of Intellectual Property right which also comes from the paris Convention for the protection of Intellectual Property right 

  • GI, In India is regulated and administered through geographical Indication of goods (registration and Protection ) Act 1999. 

Kalamkari Art is not limited to the painting of religious myths on temples and on religious buildings . Present days many artisans of kalamkari art are using this style on sarees and modern dress for female maily. Many models of India and abroad also are promoting the dresses of kalamkari painting . Therefore this traditional Indian art has now modernised and internationally recognised 

DR ANSHUL BAJPAI 

plutus ias daily current affairs 13 Oct 2021