(GS PAPER-3, Government Policies, and Interventions
Source- The Hindu)
- About the National AI Portal: It is a collaboration of the Ministry of Electronics and IT (MeitY), National e-Governance Division (NeGD), and NASSCOM.
- National e-Governance Division (NeGD): In 2009, NeGD came into place as an Independent Business Division under the Digital India Corporation.
- NASSCOM: It is a not-for-profit industry association, It is one of the apex bodies for the IT and IT-enabled products and services sector in India. It is serving as a central hub for Artificial Intelligence (AI) related news, learning, articles, events, and activities, etc., in India and beyond.
- About Artificial Intelligence (AI): It is discussing the action of machines accomplishing tasks that have historically required human intelligence. It encompasses technologies like machine learning, pattern recognition, big data, neural networks, self algorithms, etc. It also involves complex things such as saving a particular data into the machine and making it react as per the different situations. Nowadays AI is being used in different industries including finance and healthcare.
Recent Examples of Use of AI in India:
- For the Covid-19 Retaliation: There was an AI-enabled chatbot used by MyGov for ensuring communications.
- In Judicial System: An AI-based portal SUPACE was made assisting judges with legal research.
- In Agriculture: ICRISAT has recently developed an AI-power sowing app, which is utilizing weather models and data on local crop yield and probability of rainfall to more accurately predict and advise local farmers on when they should plant their seeds.
- In Disaster Management: An AI-based flood forecasting model developed in Bihar is now being expanded to cover the whole of India for ensuring around 200 million people get alerts and warnings 48 hours earlier about impending floods.
- In Banking & Financial Services Industry: Some banks in India have started adopting AI to increase digitization to improve customer experience and use algorithms in risk management.
- Global Lessons: Countries like China, the USA, and Israel are currently showing the way in terms of AI adoption. India can consider a few learnings from these countries to further grade up its AI ecosystem while keeping in mind the overall social development and inclusiveness agenda.
- Clear Central Strategy and Policy Framework: AI adoption in India may be accelerated through the formulation of more focused policies related to innovation, for example, patent control and security. Fraudulent use of AI should be managed as well.
- Collaboration among Government, Corporates, and Academia: These three stakeholders should work synergistically to undertake actions like nurturing entrepreneurship, promoting re-skilling, encouraging research and development, and driving the policies on the ground.
– Khyati Khare