PM to chair UNSC High-Level Open Debate on “Enhancing Maritime Security”

(GS PAPER-2, DIPLOMACY

SOURCE- pib)

Context-

  • Prime Minister Modi will chair the High-level Open Debate on ‘Enhancing Maritime Security – A Case for International Cooperation’ on 9th August. Via video conferencing. 

  • The meeting is expected to be attended by several Heads of State & Government of member states of the United Nations Security Council group, and high level briefers from the UN System and key Regional Organizations. 

  • The Open Debate will focus on ways to effectively counter maritime crime and insecurity and it will strengthen coordination in the maritime domain.

Approach of UN

  • The UN Security Council has discussed and passed resolutions on different aspects of maritime security and maritime crime. 

  • However, this will be the very first time that maritime security will be discussed in a holistic manner as an exclusive agenda issue in such a high-level open debate.

  •  Given that no country is capable of addressing the diverse aspects of maritime security, it is important to consider this subject in a holistic manner in the United Nations Security Council. 

  • A comprehensive approach to Maritime Security is to protect and support legitimate maritime activities while countering traditional and non-traditional threats in the maritime domain.

Importance for India:

  • The Oceans have played an important part in India’s history right from the time of the Indus Valley Civilization. 

  • Based on our civilizational ethos that sees the seas as an enabler and facilitator of shared peace and prosperity, Prime Minister Modi put forward the vision of SAGAR – an acronym for ‘Security and Growth for all in the Region’ in 2015.  

  • This vision focuses on cooperative measures for sustainable use of the oceans and provides a framework for a safe, secure, and stable maritime domain in the region. 

  •  In 2019, at the East Asia Summit group, this initiative was further elaborated through the Indo-Pacific Oceans’ Initiative (IPOI) with a focus on seven pillars of maritime security including Maritime Ecology; Maritime Resources; Capacity Building and Resource Sharing; Disaster Risk Reduction and Management; Science, Technology and Academic Cooperation; and Trade Connectivity and Maritime Transport.

Download Plutus IAS Daily Current Affairs of 9th August 2021