Subramania Bharati : A Legendary Poet of Femine 

Context 

During this centenary year of the death oF Subramania Bharti , a Tamil writer,  a legendary female poet, journalist, renowned Indian independence activist, social reformer and polyglot, nation is paying its homage to this legendary soul . 

Who was Subramania Bharti 

  • He e was popularly known as Mahakavi Bharathi because of her work on Indian literature 

  • He was a great Tamil Poet who brought the tamil literature up to such height . Tamil literature shall be highly obliged to such poet for always 

  • He belonged from Brahmanfamily of Tamil Nadu 

  • He was born on born December 11, 1882, Ettaiyapuram,Tamil Nadu , and died September 12, 1921, Madras 

  •  Work

Biography of Bharti in brief 

  • Bharati left behind a remarkable legacy of poetry and prose writings whose importance for the Tamils today can be compared to the status of Shakespeare in the English-speaking world.

  •  Bharati’s work is recognised as  a Renaissance in Tamil literature in modern days . In fact he was 

  • Inspired with  ancient Indian culture so generally the influence of ancient Indian cultural sources was used by him in his literature work . 

  •  His works were truly innovative in its  form as well as in its expression.

  • He was core  nationalist and promoted or advocated the nationalist feeling in their works . 

  • He advocated the things related with our national pride and he condemned all the social evils existed in Indian society ,

  • He was a visionary poet, and a mystic. 

  • He had seen a dream how to liberate Indians from the British rule as well as social evils 

  • He contributed in many nationalist movement , maily Non cooperation movement 

  • Many time he was prosecuted by British 

  • Since he criticized social evils of ancient India therefore many orthodox people not only attacked him but also , he was expelled from his cast . 

  • The British administration also exiled him. He had to go to Pondicherry where he lived for a long time . Since it was a French colony so he did not face any problem here ,After 10 years he returned to Madras, where he was killed by a temple elephant in Madras. Generally it is popular that he was killed by orthodux of Tamilnadu 

  • After Indian independence, Bharati’s contribution to Indian culture was widely recognized. After Independence we gave him honour through the nominations of the streets of India in his name any through the erection of his statue Though much remains to be done in the area of translation, In almost every major Indian language the Bharti’s where is translated now as well as European languages including English, French, German, Russian, and Czech. Government ahsd also issued A postage stamp in his honour.

  • In recognition of Bharati’s exceptional contribution to Indian culture, the government of India ultimately conferred upon him the title of Indian “National Poet.”

Work of Bharti 

  • Kaṇṇan pāṭṭu (1917; Songs to Krishna), Panchali sabatham (1912; Panchali’s Vow), and Kuyil pāṭṭu (1912; Kuyil’s Song). 

  • After 1950 The government began to publish his works through the establishment of  a publishing committee to oversee publication. 

  • TThe committee was composed of the members of Bharati Prachuralayam, as well as two leading post-Bharati poets. 

  • The copyright in Bharati’s works was made public by the government of Tamil Nadu state in 1954. From this time onwards, any Indian citizen was free to undertake publication of Bharati’s works.

  • S. Vijaya Bharati had published A Standard Edition of Bharati’s poetry . He is running his own publishing company to ensure the authenticity of work 

  • In fact through the work of Bharti, we generally were inspired. These simple yet noble guiding principles allowed her to publish Bharati’s complete poetry in four volumes, at last, in 2015 – 94 years after the poet’s death.

DR ANSHUL BAJPAI